Go to Dragon (Dungeons & Dragons)

As one of the oldest living races native to the world, dragons speak one of the most ancient mortal languages. When the mortal races beheld the gods, each heard the divine Supernal language in its own unique fashion depending on its shape and demeanor. Thus the foundational languages of the world arose, including Draconic.

Io created the Draconic script, Iokharic, so his mortal children could record their impressions of the world he hoped they would inherit. Both the language and the script survive to the present day.

Dragon-related races, including dragonborn and kobolds, also speak Draconic and use Iokharic. Some individuals among these races take great pride in their use of the same tongue that rumbles from the scaled lips of ancient wyrms, although others curse their lineage. Most, however, rarely give it a thought.

As with all languages, variations and dialects based on the order or race of the speaker abound within the Draconic tongue. Students of dialects can potentially discern a dragon’s variety, scales unseen. Though accents are sometimes thick, such variation rarely hampers communication. Languages derived from Supernal are robust enough to resist natural alternations that would render distant populations of speakers unintelligible to each other.



Iokharic script

The audible footprint of Draconic grates on the ears

of other creatures and includes several hard consonants and sibilants. It employs sounds that humans describe as hissing (sj, ss, and sv), as well as a noise that sounds like a beast clearing its throat (ach).

Draconic words have emphasis on the first syllable. Speakers of Draconic express important ideas by emphasizing the beginnings and the ends of words. Writers who use Iokharic mark important words with a special symbol of five lines radiating outward like the rays of a star or like the heads of Tiamat. Dragons might use this form of emphasis when referring to themselves, as well as when commanding, threatening, warning, or making a point.


Dragons have a long history of impressive, terrible names capable of generating fear when merely spoken. A dragon’s name has no intrinsic power; rather, the dragon associated with a name is so fearsome that any listener familiar with the dragon’s exploits might be stricken with associative fright. Listeners shudder when they hear of the exploits of Dragotha, the undead dragon. They cry out in amazement to learn of the dragon Ashardalon, who replaced his own heart with a demon heart. Who can forget Cyan Bloodbane, who nearly destroyed the ancient elven nation of Silvanesti on the world of Krynn?

Dragon names can do more than engender fear. They can also inspire dreams of valor. A wealth of myths, legends, and heroic stories name dragons defeated by brave knights, powerful wizards, and lucky or sly commoners. By their nature, dragons command attention when named. People throughout the world feel dragons’ actions, schemes, and even dreams. From a wyrmling named Aussir raiding sheep to mighty Ashardalonfeasting on preincarnate souls, dragons’ names command attention. To many, such names embody the magic inherent in the world.

Dragons come from many different orders. Even within those groups of similar dragons, different naming conventions apply. Some dragons receive their names from their parents even before they hatch. Others name themselves only after living long enough to find a need for a name. Some dragons might receive names from other creatures that know of their exploits. A dragon might take a new name midway through its life, either to commemorate a great victory or to combat the ennui of a life that can stretch for a succession of centuries.

Basic Vocabulary

This section presents a selection of English words and their Draconic counterparts.

English Draconic
above svern


air thrae
an aan
and vur or ahrk
animal baeshra
arise alok
armor litrix
arrow svent
ash vignar
at ahst
axe garurt
bag waeth
battle vargach
beautiful vorel/brit
beauty brii
bronze aujir
before ghoros
behind zara
below vhir
beside unsinti
big turalisj
bitter ahzid
black vutha
bleed valeij
blood iejir
blue ulhar
bold/boldly boziik
borrow bodiis
bow vaex
burn valignat or ag
bravery sveargith
breed maurg
bribe durah
but shar
cave waere
celestial athear
century ierikc
cleric sunathaer
claw gix
copper rach
courage ahkrin
cow rhyvos
coward faessi
crippled thurgix
dance vaeri
danger korth
day kear
dead loex
deity urathear
demon kothar
destroyer al
die loreat
dragon darastrix
dwarf tundar
earth edar
elf vaecaesin
enchanted levex
enemy irlym
ever alun
evil malsvir
eye sauriv
far karif
fate haurach
father bormah
female aesthyr
few lauth
fire ixen
flee osvith
flee/fled bovul
fly ustrat
food achthend
for ihk
forest caesin
fortress hurthi
foul bein
friend(ly) thurirl
gem kethend
give majak
gnome terunt
go gethrisj
gold aurix
good bensvelk
green achuak
guide aak
gut gixustrat
halfling rauhiss
hammer jhank
hate dartak
heal irisv
hill ahrol
home okarthel
human munthrek
humble banaar
hunger bahlok
hunter ah
husband ahmul
if sjek
in persvek
iron usk
join aav
kill svent
leader maekrix
love askk
magic arcaniss
male sthyr
many throden
may aal
meat rhyaex
mercy aaz
mountain verthicha
name ominak
necromancy alok-dilon
near leirith
night thurkear
nightvision sverak
no thric
nor thur
ogre ghontix
on shafaer
one ir
open bex
or usv
orc ghik
peace martivir
pillage thadarsh
platinum ux
rain oposs
red charir
rest ssifisv
scorn beyn
scroll sjir
secret irthos
see ocuir
service ahmik
shadow sjach
silver orn
sister briinah
skin (hide) molik
slaughter kurik
small kosj
smart othokent
so zyak
soar hysvear
song miirik
sorcerer vorastrix
speak renthisj
spear ner
specter brendon
star isk
steel vyth
stone ternesj
stop pok
storm kepesk
strong versvesh
stupid pothoc
suffer aus
sword caex
take clax
talk ukris
thief virlym
through erekess
to ekess
tomorrow earenk
travel ossalur
treasure rasvim
tooth oth
servant aar
ugly nurh
undead kaegro
under onureth
valley arux
victory vivex
want tuor
war aryte
water hesjing
we yth
wealth noach
weapon laraek
white aussir
with mrith
wizard levethix
wood grovisv
wound ahraan
wrath bah
year eorikc
yellow yrev
yes axun
yet sjerit
you wux
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